EUREKA. Science, Art and Technology of the Ancient GreeksOctober 25, 2017-MARCH 7, 2018

Under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs/General Secretariat for Research & Technology, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Culture and Sports and the Hellenic Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Tourism and Shipping

The exhibition "EUREKA", organized by the Museum Herakleidon in collaboration with the Association of Ancient Greek Technology Studies (AAGTS) and with Mr. Theodosis P. Tasios, professor emeritus of the National Technical University of Athens, President of AAGTS, as scientific consultant, will present for the first time at the CMST in Beijing the most representative of the ancient Greek technological accomplishments in areas such as shipbuilding, mechanical engineering, communications, building, the arts, and others, through original models and visual materials. Significant among the exhibits will be the operational reproduction of the Antikythera Mechanism, at triple the size of the original, made of plexiglass, bronze and aluminum, which will be constructed specifically for the Museum Herakleidon, in collaboration with the research team of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and the scientific counsel of professors Dr. Kyriakos Efstathios and Dr. John Seiradakis. Furthermore, the exhibition will include two reproductions of historical ancient Greek shipwrecks, courtesy of the Museum of Navigation and Marine Arts of the Aegean and the Municipality of Samos.

The exchange of the two exhibitions aims to strengthen the ties between the two nations through the mutual discovery and showcasing of the important cultural heritage of each. It is under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religion/Department of Research and Innovation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Culture and Sports. and the Greek-Chinese Chamber.

This initiative is also supported by the Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser of the Foundation for Research and Technology- Hellas (IESL-FORTH) in the framework of its collaboration with the Palace Museum in Beijing and the establishment of the common research laboratory “NIKI: Chine-Greece Laser Technology Joint Laboratory on Cultural Heritage”, which aims at introducing the innovative laser technologies developed by IESL for the study and preservation of Cultural Heritage objects to the Palace Museum.

The main thematic units will be:

Metals were the most precious of the natural materials. In particular copper (which, combined with tin resulted in the “krateroma”, the bronze of the ancients), but also the precious metals, such as silver that was being produced in Lavrio from approximately 3000 B.C.

From the multi-storey buildings in Akrotiri of Thira, to the bold vaults of the Mycenaeans and the glorious temples of the Classical period, building technology was especially developed by the ancient Greeks.

Technical works
The works described are land improvement projects (e.g. the drainage of Lake Kopaida in the 14th cent. B.C.), huge tunnels (e.g. Eupalinos tunnel) and the Diolkos (the transport of ships over land along the length of the Isthmus of Corinth).

The Mycenaean penteconter, the “Samaina”, the Athenian trireme and the Byzantine dromon are characteristic types of large ships that ruled the Mediterranean.

War technology
Catapults and “Helepolis” (siege towers) are presented.


Important machines of the ancient Greeks are presented, such as large cranes, piston pumps, as well as the steam-powered sphere of Hero.

The arts and sports

Ancient Greek technology supported all human needs including the arts (e.g. hydraulis: hydraulic organ) and sports (e.g. hysplex: race starting mechanism).

Measuring and communications
Ancient Greek technology also supported a) science – offering measuring instruments (e.g. hydraulic clocks) but also b) communications (e.g. the visual telegraph).

During the Hellenistic period, the dream of the Greeks for automata descended from the sky to Earth. The exhibition includes several models of such automata.


The knowledge of the Greeks about astronomy during the Hellenistic period is embodied in the Antikythera Mechanism and is based on earlier studies, such as that of Autolycus (circa 300 B.C.) and his spherical astronomy, that of Hipparchus (190-120 B.C.) regarding the orbits of the planets and the moon eclipses and that of Meton (5th century B.C.).

The Museum Herakleidon has been bringing art, education, and culture to the general public since 2004. Based on its philosophy of Science, Art and Mathematics, it provides original educational programs for students, teachers and adults as well as exhibitions of art and science. The Museum Herakleidon is honored and delighted to announce its official collaboration with the China Science and Technology Museum of Beijing, with the objective of organizing and exchanging exhibitions of ancient science and technology, in parallel, in 2017, which has been declared the "2017 Year of Cultural Exchange and Cooperation between the Cultural Industries of Greece and China". More info, at the website of the Secretariat General for Media and Communication of the Ministry of Digital Policy, Telecommunications and Information.

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